Chronology of the Great Khans: Mongol Wars and Conquests 1160-1304

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The chronology replicated here is from the book Historical Atlas of the Great Khans. The numbers following the date are the page numbers in the book.

As noted in the introduction, The romanization of foreign names is a difficult problem. Many countries have adopted new systems in recent years, but a lot of the sources used older systems. I have tried to conform to the most current usage as best I could. I apologize for any inadvertent errors.

Mongolian names are written according to modern Mongolian spelling, using Mongol Wikipedia and a recent Mongol translation of the Secret History as guides, converted from the Cyrillic alphabet.

Chinese names are written using the Pinyin system. Place names are the names used at the time. Corresponding modern names of major cities are shown in the Index.

Korean names are written using the Revised Romanization system. Place names are the names used at the time. Corresponding modern names of major cities are shown in the Index.

Place names in the west are written using their modern names except for Constantinople.

Events are generally listed in chronological order. Due to the lack of exact dates for most events, there may be some events slightly out of sequence. This is more of a problem when events occur in different areas where it was sometimes difficult to merges the sequences together.

Oelun captured by Yesukhei, 1161, 14
Yesukhei vs Temujin Uge, Yesukhei victory, 1162, 14
Deluun Buldog, Temujin born, 1162, 14

Yesukhei took Temujin to seek a wife. Temujin met Borte, 1170, 14
Yesukhei poisoned by Tatars on the way home. Temujin returned home, 1170, 14
Oelun and family abandoned by Taichuuds, 1172, 15
Oelun’s camp 1175, 15
Temujin bonded with Jamukha, 1172, 15
Temujin and Khasar killed Begter, 1170s, 15
Targudai moved to capture Temujin, 1170s, 15
Temujin captured, 1170s, 15
Temujin escaped from Taichuuds, 1170s, 15
Sengur River, Temujin’s first camp, 1170s, 15
Boorchi joined Temujin, 1170s 15

Black Forest, Temujin travels to Tooril’s camp to seek patronage, 1180, 15
Burgi Escarpment, Temujin’s camp, 1180, 15
Zelme joined Temujin, 1180, 15
Mergids raided Temujin’s camp, 1181, 16
Borte Captured, 1181, 16
Khorkhonag Valley, Jamukha’s camp, 1182, 16
Temujin, Tooril, and Jamukha campaigned against the Mergids, 1182, 16
Buur Steppe, Temujin rescued Borte, 1182, 16
Zuchi Born, 1182, 16
Khorkhonag Valley, Jamukha and Temujin’s camp 1183, 17
Tsagadai born, 1183, 17
Temujin separated from Jamukha, 1184, 17
Ayil Khargantad, Temujin’s first camp 1184, 17
Ogedei born, 1186, 17
Koko Naur, Temujin’s second camp 1187, 17
Sengur River, Temujin’s third camp 1188, 17
Temujin hailed as Khan of the Mongols, 1189, 17

Jamukha moved to attack Temujin, 1190, 17
Temujin moved to meet Jamukha, 1190, 17
Dalan Baljudai, Jamukha vs Temujin, Jamukha victory, 1190, 17
Jerene Gorge, Temujin hid from Jamukha 1190, 17

Lake Hariltu, Temujin camped 1196, 18
Wanyan Xiang campaigned against the Tatars, 1196, 18
Wanyan Xiang vs Tatars, Wanyan Xiang victory, 1196, 18
Tatars retreated from Wanyan Xiang, 1196, 18
Khusutu Situen, Tatar fortified camp, 1196, 18
Temujin and Tooril campaigned against the Tatars, 1196, 18
Khusutu Situen, Temujin and Tooril vs Tatars, Temujin and Tooril victory, 1196, 18
Lake Hariltu, Jurchin raid, 1196, 18
Wanyan Xiang rewarded Tooril and Temujin, 1196, 18
Wanyan Xiang returned to Jin China, 1196, 19
Tooril returned to his camp, 1196, 19
Temujin moved against the Jurchins, 1196, 19
Deluun Buldog, Temujin vs Jurchins, Temujin victory, 1196, 19
Jurchins retreated, 1196, 19
Telegetu Pass, Temujin vs Jurchins, Temujin victory, 1196, 19
Mukhulai joined Temujin, 1196, 19
Avarga, Mongol encampment, Temujin’s new headquarters, 1197, 19

Jamukha formed a coalition against Temujin and was proclaimed Universal Khan, 1201, 19
Jamukha moved to attack Temujin, 1201, 19
Tooril moved to join Temujin, 1201, 19
Temujin and Tooril moved to meet Jamukha, 1201, 19
Khuiten, Temujin and Tooril vs Jamukha, Temujin victory, 1201, 19
Jamukha retreated, 1201, 20
Mergids retreated, 1201, 20
Naimans under Buirug retreated, 1201, 20
Oirds retreated, 1201, 20
Taichuuds retreated, 1201, 20
Temujin pursued Taichuuds, 1201, 20
Tooril pursued Jamukha, 1201, 20
Tooril vs Jamukha, Tooril victory, 1201, 20
Jamukha retreated further, 1201, 20
Ulengu Turas, Temujin vs Taichuuds, Temujin victory, 1201, 20
Temujin wounded, saved by Zelme, 1201, 20
Sorkhon Shar, his sons, and Zev joined Temujin, 1201, 20
Khubakhaya, Temujin’s camp, 1201, 20
Targudai moved to attack Temujin, 1201, 20
Temujin moved to meet Targudai, 1201, 20
Temujin vs Targudai, Temujin victory, 1201, 20
Targudai retreated, 1201, 20
Temujin vs Targudai, Temujin victory, 1201, 20

Temujin campaigned against the Tatars, 1202, 21
Tooril campaigned against the Mergids, 1202, 21
Dalan Nemurges, Temujin vs Tatars, Temujin victory, 1202, 21
Tooril vs Togtoa Tooril victory, 1202, 21
Ulquy Silugeljid, Temujin vs Tatars, Temujin victory, 1202, 21
Khogseu Sabrag moved to attack Tooril and Senggum, 1202, 21
Hulaan Khut, Khogseu Sabrag vs Senggum, Khogseu Sabrag victory, 1202, 21
Temujin sent forces to aid Tooril, 1202, 21
Telegetu Pass, Boorchi and others vs Khogseu Sabrag, Boorchi victory, 1202, 21

Temujin traveled towards Tooril’s camp, 1203, 22
Temujin warned of plot and turned back, 1203, 22
Tooril and Jamukha moved against Temujin, 1203, 22
Khalakhaljid Sands, Tooril vs Temujin, Tooril victory, 1203, 22
Temujin retreated, 1203, 22
Tooril returned to his camp, 1203, 22
Temujin retreated to Lake Baljuna, 1203, 22
Temujin regrouped at Arkhal Guegi, 1203, 22
Temujin moved to attack Tooril and Jamukha, 1203, 22
Jer Gorge Pass, Temujin vs Tooril, Temujin victory, 1203, 22

Taibokh formed a coalition against Temujin, Jamukha and the Mergids joined, 1204, spring, 23
Khalka River, Temujin’s camp, 1204, 23
Temujin left camp and gathered his forces, 1204, 23
Taibokh moved to attack Temujin, 1204, 23
Temujin moved to confront Taibokh, 1204, 23
Temujin advanced to Naku Cliff, 1204, 23
Naku Cliff, Temujin vs Taibokh, Temujin victory, 1204, May 17, 23
Taibokh Killed, 1204, 23
Khuchlug’s Fortified Position, Temujin vs Khuchlug, Temujin victory, 1204, 23
Kharadal Source, Temujin vs Togtoa, 1204, Temujin victory,
Borukhul and others pursued the Mergids, 1204, 23
Taigad Stronghold, Chimbai vs Dayir Usun, Chimbai victory, 1204, 23

Jamukha captured and executed, 1205, 23
Yelu Ahai raided Xixia, 1205, 24
Guazhou, raided by Mongols, 1205, 24
Shazhou, raided by Mongols, 1205, 24

Great Mongol Empire proclaimed, Temujin hailed as Chinggis Khan, 1206, spring, 25
Chinggis campaigned against the Naimans and Mergids, 1206, 28
Khuchlug and Togtoa moved to Irtysh River, 1206, 28
Sokhok River, Chinggis and Tooril vs Buirug, Mongol victory, 1206, 28
Buirug fled across the Altai Mountains, 1206, 28
Kisil Bas, Chinggis vs Buirug, Mongol victory, 1206, 28

Chinggis invaded Xixia, 1207, September, 28
Wulahai, raided by Mongols, 1207, 28

Zuchi campaigned against the Forest People, 1208, fall, 30
Chinggis campaigned against the Naimans and Mergids, 1208 fall, 29
Bukhdurma, Chinggis vs Khuchlug and Togtoa, Mongol victory, 1208, 29
Khuchlug fled to Karakhitai, 1208, 29
Khutu fled to Kotcho, 1208, 29
Barchukh confronted Khutu and denied him refuge, 1208, 29
Cham River, Barchukh vs Khutu, Barchukh victory, 1208, 29

Barchukh submitted to Mongols, 1209, 29
Chinggis invaded Xixia, 1209, April, 30
Wulahai, taken by Mongols, 1209, 30
Keyimen, Chinggis vs Xixia, Xixia victory, 1209, 30
Keyimen, Chinggis vs Xixia, Chinggis victory, 1209, 30
Zhongxing, besieged by Mongols, 1209, 30

Huang (Yellow) River dike broke, Mongol camp flooded, 1210, January, 30
Xixia sued for peace and submitted, 1210, 30

Chinggis invaded Jin China, 1211, February or March, 31
Zev supported invasion of Jin China in the advance, 1211, 31
Mukhulai supported invasion of Jin China on the left, 1211, 31
3 Princes, Zuchi, Tsagadai, and Ogedei supported invasion of Jin China on the right, 1211, 31
Khubilai Noyon campaigned against Khuchlug, 1211, spring, 31
Almaligh, to Mongols, 1211, 31
Kharluuds submitted to Mongols, 1211, 31
Wanyan Husha advanced to Wushabao, 1211, 31
Geshilie Zhizhong advanced to Yehuling, 1211, 31
Zev advanced to Wushabao, 1211, 31
Wushabao, Zev vs Wanyan Husha, Mongol victory, 1211, 31
Chinggis advanced to Fuzhou, 1211, 31
Fuzhou, taken by Mongols, 1211, 31
3 Princes, Zuchi, Tsagadai, and Ogedei advanced up the Huang (Yellow) River, 1211, 31
Huanerzui, Chinggis vs Geshilie Zhizhong, Mongol victory, 1211, October, 32
Chinggis advanced to Huihebao, 1211, 32
Huihebao, Chinggis vs Geshilie Zhizhong, Mongol victory, 1211, 32
Xuandezhou, taken by Mongols, 2011, 32
Dexingzhou, taken by Mongols, 1211, 32
Jinshan, taken by Mongols, 1211, 32
Juyongguan, taken by Mongols, 1211, 32
Tukha raided to Baidiancheng, 1211, 32
Chaghan raided to Hungzhou, 1211, 32
Diancheng, taken by Mongols, 1211, 32
Hungzhou, taken by Mongols, 1211, 32
Baidiancheng, taken by Mongols, 1211, 32
3 Princes, Zuchi, Tsagadai, and Ogedei moved into Shanxi, 1211, 32
3 Princes, Zuchi, Tsagadai, and Ogedei sent a detachment to Ningbian, 1211, 32
Ningbian, taken by Mongols, 1211, 32
Shuoping, taken by Mongols, 1211, 32
Xuanning, taken by Mongols, 1211, 32
Shuoxian, taken by Mongols, 1211, 32
Xin, taken by Mongols, 1211, 32
3 Princes, Zuchi, Tsagadai, and Ogedei campaigned in Shanxi, 1211, 33
Chinggis advanced to Lunghutai, 1211 December, 32
Longhutai, Mongol camp outside Zhongdu, 1211, 33
Daizhou, taken by Mongols, 1211, 33

Zev campaigned to Dongjing, 1212, January, 33
Dongjing, taken by Mongols, 1212, 33
Yelu Liuge rebelled against Jin China, 1212, 33
Yelu Liuge submitted to Chinggis, 1212, 33
Chinggis advanced to Xijing, 1212, September, 34
Tului advanced to Dexingzhou, 1212, 34
Ao Dongxiang moved to relieve Xijing, 1212, 34
Migukou, Chinggis vs Ao Dongxiang, Mongol victory, 1212, 34
Chinggis wounded at Xijing, 1212, 34
Dexingzhou, taken by Mongols, 1212, 34

Chinggis advanced to Dexingzhou, 1213, 34
Dexingzhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 34
Weiquan, Chinggis vs Wanyan Gang, Mongol victory, 1213, 34
Zev moved to outflank Juyongguan, 1213, October, 34
Feihuguan, taken by Mongols, 1213, 34
Zuqingguan, taken by Mongols, 1213, 34
Chinggis moved to Wuhuiling, 1213, 35
Zhuhu Gaoqi moved to confront Chinggis at Wuhuiling, 1213, 35
Wuhuiling, Chinggis vs Zhuhu Gaoqi, Mongol victory, 1213, 35
Zev advanced to Juyongguan from the south, 1213, 35
Juyongguan, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Yizhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Chinggis camped at Longhutai, 1213, 35
Zhuozhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, November, 35
Chinggis began invasion of Jin China, 1213, 35
Baozhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Bazhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Jizhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Xidinghu, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Hejian, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Luanzhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Qingzhou, resisted the Mongols, 1213, 35
Cangzhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Pingzhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Shenzhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Zhending, resisted the Mongols, 1213, 35
Dezhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Dizhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Enzhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Xingzhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Bozhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Daming, resisted the Mongols, 1213, 35
Yidu, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Jinan, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Mingzhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Weizhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Cizhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Laizhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Taian, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Dengzhou, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Dongping, resisted the Mongols, 1213, 35
Zhangde, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35
Luan, taken by Mongols, 1213, 35

Mizhou, taken by Mongols, 1214, 35
Pingyang, taken by Mongols, 1214, 35
Xizhou, taken by Mongols, 1214, 35
Haizhou, resisted the Mongols, 1214, 35
Jizhou, taken by Mongols, 1214, 35
Beizhou, resisted the Mongols, 1214, 35
Fenzhou, taken by Mongols, 1214, 35
Xizhou, taken by Mongols, 1214, 35
Xuzhou, resisted the Mongols, 1214, 35
Lanxian, taken by Mongols, 1214, 35
Taiyuan, taken by Mongols, 1214, 35
Keian, taken by Mongols, 1214, 35
Zhongdu, besieged by Mongols, 1214, 36
Zhongdu, surrendered to Mongols, 1214, May, 36
Xuancong abandoned Zhongdu and fled to Nanjing, 1214, 36
Yuerluo, Chinggis’ camp, 1214, 37
Chinggis sent Samukha to invest Zhongdu, 1215 September, 37
Zhongdu, besieged by Mongols, 1214 ,September-1215, May, 37
Khasar campaigned in the Northeast, 1214, winter, 37
Mukhulai campaigned in the Northeast, 1214, 37
Linhuang, taken by Mongols, 1214, 37
Bienzhou, taken by Mongols, 1214, 37
Ningjiang, taken by Mongols, 1214, 37

Khasar returned to Mongolia, 1215, winter, 37
Gaozhou, taken by Mongols, 1215, 37
Yizhou, taken by Mongols, 1215, 37
Shunzhou, taken by Mongols, 1215, 37
Hete, taken by Mongols, 1215, 37
Red Coat rebellion against Jin China began in Shandong, 1215, 37
Uyer campaigned in the Northeast, 1215, 38
Longshan, taken by Mongols, 1215, 38
Xianfengchai, Shimo Mingan vs Wugulun Jingshou, Mongol victory, 1215, 38
Yongqing, Shensa vs Li Ying, Mongol victory, 2015, 38
Mukhulai’s camp, 1215, 39
Chinggis returned to Mongolia, 1215, summer, 39
Zhongdu, surrendered to Mongols and sacked, 1215, May, 37
Zhongdu renamed Yan by Mongols, 1215, 37
Jinzhou, Jang Ji rebelled against the Mongols, 1215 ,summer, 39
Jinzhou, resisted the Mongols, 1214, 39
Mukhulai’s forces continued campaign in the Northeast, 1215, 39
Guangning, taken by Mongols, 1215, 39
Lizhou, taken by Mongols, 1215, 39
Yizhou, taken by Mongols, 1215, 39
Pingzhou, taken by Mongols, 1215, 39
Zhending, taken by Mongols, 1215, 39
Daming, taken by Mongols, 1215, 39
Shenxian, taken by Mongols, 1215, 39
Daizhou, taken by Mongols, 1215, 39
Zhangde, taken by Mongols, 1215, 39
Pingding, taken by Mongols, 1215, 39

Enzhou, taken by Mongols, 1216, 39
Lingshi, taken by Mongols, 1216, 39
Xingzhou, taken by Mongols, 1216, 39
Huozhou, taken by Mongols, 1216, 39
Daning, Mukhulai vs Khitan rebels, Mongol victory, 1216, January, 40
Fuzhou, taken by Mongols, 1216, 40
Suzhou, taken by Mongols, 1216, 40
Zuchi campaigned against Khutu, 1216, 41
Chu River, Zuchi vs Khutu, Mongol victory, 1216, 41
Muhammad campaigned against the Kipchaks, 1216, 41
Xingzhong, resisted the Mongols, 1216, 40
Guangning, taken by Mongols, 1216, 40
Yizhou, taken by Mongols, 1216, 40
Liushishan, taken by Mongols, 1216, 40
Jinzhou, taken by Mongols, 1216, 40
Xixia sent army to support Samukha, 1216, September, 40
Samukha campaigned in Guanzhong, 1216, 40
Yanan, taken by Mongols, 1216, 40
Yaozhou, taken by Mongols, 1216, 40
Dongzhou, taken by Mongols, 1216, 40
Near Huazhou, Samuqa vs Jin China, Mongol victory, 1216, 40
Huazhou city, taken by Mongols, 1216, 40
Samukha turned east to attack Nanjing, 1216, 40
Tongguan, taken by Mongols, 1216, 40
Juzhou, taken by Mongols, 1216, 40
Xinghuaying, Samukhqa vs Jin China, Mongol victory, 1216, 40

Mienzhou, Samukha vs Jin China, Mongol victory, 1217, 40
Zuchi encountered Khwarizm army, 1217, 41
Irgiz River, Zuchi vs Muhammad, inconclusive, 1217, 41
Borokhul campaigned against Qori Tumet, 1217, 41
Borokhul vs Qori Tumet, Mongol defeat, 1217, 41
Dorbei campaigned against Qori Tumet, 1217, 41
Dorbei vs Qori Tumet, 1217, Mongol victory, 41
Mukhulai and Shi Tianni led another invasion of Jin China, 1217, September, 41
Qingzhou, taken by Mongols, 1217, 42
Suicheng, taken by Mongols, 1217, 42
Cangzhou, taken by Mongols, 1217, 42
Licheng, taken by Mongols, 1217, 42
Lean, Shi Tianni vs Jin, Mongol victory, 1217, 42
Zhongshan, taken by Mongols, 1217, 42
Jinyang, taken by Mongols, 1217, 42
Xinlou, taken by Mongols, 1217, 42
Daming, taken by Mongols, 1217, December, 42
Jangshan, taken by Mongols, 1217, 42
Qingyang, taken by Mongols, 1217, 42
Bozhou, taken by Mongols, 1217, 42
Cizhou, taken by Mongols, 1217, 42
Zoupin, taken by Mongols, 1217, 42

Yidu, takem by Mongols, 1218, January, 42
Luzhou, taken by Mongols, 1218, 42
Posilu, taken by Mongols, 1218, 41
Kangdong, Yelu Liuge’s force vs Khitan rebels, Mongol victory, 1218, March, 41
Khuchlug attacked Almaligh, 1218, 42
Zev campaigned against Khuchlug, 1218, summer, 42
Near Balasagun, Zev vs Khuchlug, Mongol victory, 1218, 42
Balasagun city, surrendered to Mongols, 1218, 42
Kasan, surrendered to Mongols, 1218, 42
Zev pursued Khuchlug and secured the Tarim Basin, 1218, 42
Kashgar, surrendered to Mongols, 1218,
Death of Khuchlug, 1218, 42
Mukhulai’s forces continued invasion of Jin China, 1217, fall, 43
Guo, taken by Mongols, 1218, 43
Langya, Shimo Xiandepu vs Jang Ruo, Mongol victory, 1218, 43
Manzheng, Jang Ruo vs Wu Xian, Mongol victory, 1218, 43
Dingxiang, taken by Mongols, 1218, 43
Chinggis sent a trade mission to Khwarizm, 1218, 42
Taiyuan, taken by Mongols, 1218, 43
Fenzhou, taken by Mongols, 1218, 43
Xizhou, taken by Mongols, 1218, 43
Fenxi, taken by Mongols, 1218, 43
Huozhou, taken by Mongols, 1218, 43
Pingyang, taken by Mongols, 1218, 43
Luan, taken by Mongols, 1218, 43
Gaoping, taken by Mongols, 1218, 43
Cezhou, taken by Mongols, 1218, 43
Otrar, Mongol trade mission seized and executed, 1218, 42

Zev remained in camp in the west, 1219, 44
Zuchi subdued the Kirghiz and campaigned into Siberia, 1219, 44
Mukhulai campaigned in Shanxi, 1220, 44
Wu, taken by Mongols, 1219, 44
Keian, taken by Mongols, 1219, 44
Manzheng, Jang Ruo vs Wu Xian, Mongol victory, 1219, 44
Lanxian, taken by Mongols, 1219, 44
Xizhou, taken by Mongols, 1219, 44
Jizhou, taken by Mongols, 1219, 44
Jiangzhou, taken by Mongols, 1219, 44
Chinggis began moving west, 1219, May, 44
Chinggis camped for the summer, 1219, July, 44
Chinggis army arrived at Otrar, 1219 ,November, 44
Otrar, besieged by Mongols, 1219, November-1220, February
Chinggis led the main army to Buxoro, 1219, 45
Zev moved south to Banakat, 1219, 45
Zuchi campaigned along Syr Darya River, 1219, 45

Signak, taken by Mongols, 1220, 45
Muhammad fled from Samarkand, 1220, 45
Banikat, taken by Mongols, 1220, 45
Jand, surrendered to Mongols, 1220, 45
Nurota, surrendered to Mongols, 1220, 45
Buxoro, taken by Mongols, 1220, February, 45
Otrar, taken by Mongols, 1220, February, 45
Yanikant, taken by Mongols, 1220, 45
Chinggis, Tsagadai, Ogedei, and Zev converged on Samarqand, 1220, 45
Samarqand, taken by Mongols, 1220, March 12, 45
Muhammad fled to Balkh, then Merv, 1220, 45
Chinggis camped for the summer, 1220, 46
Chinggis ordered Zev, Subeedei, and Tokhuchar to find Muhammad, 1220, 46
Balkh, surrendered to Mongols, 1220, 46
Herat, surrendered to Mongols, 1220, 46
Zaveh, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Neyshabur, surrendered to Mongols, 1220, 46
Tus, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Isfarain, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Asterabad, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Damghan, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Semnan, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Amol, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Ilal, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Ray, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Qazvin, taken by Mongols, 1220, 47
Zanjan, taken by Mongols, 1220, 47
Near Hamadan, Zev and Subeedei vs Khwarizm army, Mongol victory, 1220, 47
Hamadan city, surrendered to Mongols, 1220, 47
Muhammad fled to the Caspian seashore, 1220, 47
Mukhulai led another campaign against Jin China, 1220, September, 46
Daizhou, Monkhbokh vs Ge Tieqiang, Mongol victory, 1220, September, 46
Xingzhou, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Cizhou, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Zuchi advanced to Urgench, 1220 ,October, 47
Khiva, taken by Mongols, 1220, 47
Urgench, besieged by Mongols, 1220-1221, 47
Daming, taken by Mongols, 1220, November, 46
Zhangde, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Linzhou, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Jinan, surrendered to Mongols, 1220, 46
Dongping, besieged by Mongols, 1220-1221, 46
Huanglinggang, Mukhulai vs Wugulun Shihu, Mongol victory, 1220, 46
Jining, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Yanzhou, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Danzhou, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Qiuzhou, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Tianping, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Tengzhou, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Weihui, taken by Mongols, 1220, 46
Muhammad died on an island in the Caspian Sea, 1220, December, 47

Tsagadai joined Zuchi at the siege of Urgench, 1221, 47
Ogedei took command of the siege of Urgench, 1221, 50
Qom, taken by Mongols, 1221, February, 48
Ray, taken by Mongols, 1221, February, 48
Hamadan, surrendered to Mongols, 1221, 48
Qazvin, taken by Mongols, 1221, 48
Zanjan, taken by Mongols, 1221, 48
Tabriz, surrendered to Mongols, 1221, 48
Taleqan, besieged by Mongols, 1221, 48
Tului campaigned in Khurasan, 1221, Spring, 48
Khunan, Zev and Subeedei vs George IV Lash, Mongol victory, 1221, 48
Merv, taken by Mongols, 1221, April, 48
Marageh, taken by Mongols, 1221, 48
Nisa, taken by Mongols, 1220, 48
Neyshabur, taken by Mongols, 1221, April, 48
Urgench, taken by Mongols, 1221, April, 48
Hamadan, taken by Mongols, 1221, 48
Herat, surrendered to Mongols, 1221, 48
Bamiyan, Mutegen killed, taken by Mongols, 1221, 48
Jalal ad-Din moved to attack the Mongols, 48
Tabriz, surrendered to Mongols, 1221, 49
Hamadan, taken by Mongols, 1221, August, 49
Parwan, Jalal ad-Din vs Shikhikhutug, Mongol defeat, 1221, 48
Taleqan, taken by Mongols, 1220, 48
Balkh, rebelled against the Mongols, 1221, 49
Herat, rebelled against the Mongols, 1221, 49
Merv, rebelled against the Mongols, 1221, 49
Jalal ad Din retreated to India, 1221, 49
Erbil, taken by Mongols, 1221, 49
Indus River, Chinggis vs Jalal ad Din, Mongol victory, 1221, September, 49
Mukhulai campaigned in Guanzhong and Shanxi, 1221, October, 50
Parwan, besieged by Mongols, 1221, 49
Tabriz, surrendered to Mongols, 1221, 49
Jiazhou, taken by Mongols, 1221, 50
Suide, taken by Mongols, 1221, 50
Kezhongzhai, taken by Mongols, 1221, 50
Ansai, Jin vs Xixia, Jin victory, 1221, 50
Baoan, taken by Mongols, 1221, 50
Baylaqan, taken by Mongols, 1221, 49
Near Yenan, Mukhulai vs Wanyan Heda, Mongol victory, 1221, 50
Ganca, surrendered to Mongols, 1221, 49
Shemakha, taken by Mongols, 1221, 49
Bardev, Zev and Subeedei vs George IV Lash, Mongol victory, 1221, November, 49
Danzhou, taken by Mongols, 1221, 50
Herat, besieged by Mongols, 1221-1222, 49
Derbent, surrendered to Mongols, 1221, December, 49
Saran, taken by Mongols, 1221, 49
Firozkoh, taken by Mongols, 1221, 50

Ghazni, besieged by Mongols, 1222, 50
Balkh, taken by Mongols, 1222, 50
Ashyar, taken by Mongols, 1222, 50
Fiwar, taken by Mongols, 1222, 50
Kalyun, taken by Mongols, 1222, 50
Tulak, taken by Mongols, 1222, 50
Fuzhou, taken by Mongols, 1222, 50
Fangzhou, taken by Mongols, 1222, 50
Loquan, taken by Mongols, 1222, 50
Merv, besieged by Mongols, 1222, 50
Sogetu moved toward Sistan, 1222, 50
Zev and Subeedei vs Alans and Cumans, Mongol victory, 1222, 51
Zev and Subeedei vs Alans, Mongol victory, 1222, 51
Two battles, Zev and Subeedei vs Cumans, Mongol victories, 1222, 51
Xizhou, taken by Mongols, 1222, 50
Daizhou, taken by Mongols, 1222, 50
Herat, taken by Mongols, 1222, 50
Soldaia, taken by Mongols, 1222, 51
Mukhulai campaigned in Shanxi and Guanzhong, 1222, August, 51
Jiangzhou, taken by Mongols, 1222, 51
Hubibao, taken by Mongols, 1222, 51
Hezhong, taken by Mongols, 1222, 51
Dongzhao, taken by Mongols, 1222, 51
Zhongzhao, taken by Mongols, 1222, 51
Pucheng, taken by Mongols, 1222, 51
Jingzhaou, resisted the Mongols, 1222, 51

Chinggis began return to Mongolia, 1223 January, 53
Banzhou, taken by Mongols, 1223, 51
Dazhangyuan, taken by Mongols, 1223, 51
Song generals Peng Yiben and Li Quan invaded Hebei and Shandong, 1223, January, 52
Yidu, taken by Song, 1223, 52
Near Fengxiang, Monkhbokh vs Wanyan Zhongyuan, Mongol victory, 1223, 53
Fengxiang city, besieged by Mongols, 1223, 53
Fengzhou, taken by Mongols, 1223, 53
Xixia withdrew support from Mukhulai, 1223, 53
Mukhulai retreated to Shanxi, 1223 March, 53
Hezhong, Hou Xiaoshu vs Shi Tianying, Mongol defeat, 1223, 53
Wenxi, Mukhulai died, 1223, April, 53
Dongping, taken by Song, 1223, April, 52
Daming, taken by Song, 1223, 52
Jinan, taken by Song, 1223, 52
Kalka River, Zev and Subeedei vs Rus and Cumans, Mongol victory, 1223, May 31, 52
Enzhou, Shi Tianni vs Peng Yiben, Mongol victory, 1223, 52
Samara Bend, Ilgram vs Zev and Subeedei’s advance force, Mongol defeat, 1223, 52
Kama River, Zev and Subeedei vs Ilgram, Mongol victory, 1223, 52
Shi Tianxiang moved against Xixia, 1223, fall, 53

Dorbei invaded India, 1224, 53
Nandana, taken by Mongols, 1224, 54
Multan, resisted the Mongols, 1224, 54
Zhending, Wu Xian rebelled, killed Shi Tianni, and allied with Song, 1224, March, 54
Zhongshan, Shi Tianzi vs Wu Xian, Mongol victory, 1224, 54
Zhending, taken by Mongols, 1224, 54
Chinggis camped for the summer, 1224, 53
Yinzhou, Bol vs Xixia, Mongol victory, 1224, fall, 53

Chinggis arrived back in Mongolia, 1225, February, 53
Zanhuang, Shi Tianzi vs Peng Yiben, Mongol victory, 1225, July, 54
Baotouzhai, Shi Tianzi vs Wu Xian, Mongol victory, 1225, 54
Daisun campaigned against Song forces, 1225, fall, 55
Daming, taken by Mongols, 1225, 55
Dongping, taken by Mongols, 1225, 55
Jinan, taken by Mongols, 1225, 55
Yidu, taken by Mongols, 1225, 55
Chinggis moved toward Xixia, 1225, 55
Chinggis camped for the winter, 1225, 55

Chinggis invaded Xixia, 1226 spring, 55
Ejinai, taken by Mongols, 1226, 55
Suzhou, taken by Mongols, 1226, 55
Shazhou, taken by Mongols, 1226, 55
Yidu, taken by Li Quan, 1226, April, 55
Ganzhou, taken by Mongols, 1226, 55
Suzhou, taken by Mongols, 1226, 55
Xi Liang, surrendered to Mongols, 1226, 55
Guazhou, taken by Mongols, 1226, 55
Yidu, besieged by Mongols, 1226, October-1227, May, 55
Xiazhou, taken by Mongols, 1226, 55
Lingzhou, Chinggis vs Xixia, Mongol victory, 1226, 55

Lingzhou city, taken by Mongols, 1227, 55
Zhongxing, besieged by Mongols, 1227, 56
Yanquanzhou, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Subeedei campaigned in Jin territory, 1227, 56
Keyimen, Chinggis vs Xixia, Mongol victory, 1226, 56
Wulahai, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Huanzhou, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Jenzhong, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Longde, resisted the Mongols, 1226, 56
Deshun, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Xining, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Dingxi, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Lanzhou, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Lindao, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Chinggis moved to the cooler mountains, 1227, 56
Jixizhou, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Hezhou, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Minzhou, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Taozhou, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Yidu, taken by Mongols, 1227, 55
Longde, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Zhongxing, taken by Mongols, 1227, 56
Death of Chinggis, 1227, August, 56
Tului assumed the regency of the Mongol Empire, 1227, 60
Damghan, Jalal ad Din vs Mongols, Mongol defeat, 1227, 57

Chuluun Baatur campaigned against Jin China, 1228, 61
Wanyan Yi moved to confront Chuluun Baatur, 1228, 61
Daqang, Wanyan Yi vs Chuluun Baatur, Mongol defeat, 1228, 61
Esfahan, Mongols vs Jalal ad-Din, inconclusive, 1228, August, 60

Kokotei and Sonidei campaigned against the Kipchaks, 1229, 61
Saqsin, Kokotei and Sonidei vs Kipchaks, Mongol victory, 1229, 61
Kokotei and Sonidei campaigned against Bolgar, 1229, 61
Kharkhorum, Ogedei installed as Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, 1229, September 13, 60

Dogolkhu moved against Tongguan, 1230, 61
Ogedei sent Chormagan to the west, 1230m spring, 62
Ogedei and Tului invaded Guanzhong, 1230, 62
Near Luzhou, Tas vs Wu Xian, Mongol defeat, 1230, 62
Near Luzhou, Eljigedei vs Wu Xian, Mongol ictory, 1230, 62
Weizhou, taken by Mongols, 1230, 62
Subeedei crossed the Qinling mountains, 1231, 62
Daohui Valley, Wanyan Heda vs Subeedei, Mongol defeat, 1230, 62
Fengxiang, besieged by Mongols, 1231, 62
Huazhou, Ogedei and Tului vs Wanyan Heda, Mongol victory, 1231, 62
Dayir campaigned in eastern Persia, 1231-1232, 63
Kabul, taken by Mongols, 1230, 63

Ghazni, taken by Mongols, 1231, 63
Fengxiang, taken by Mongols, 1231m February, 62
Chormagan campaigned in western Persia, 1231, 64
Taimaz pursued Jalal ad-Din, 1231, 64
Jalal ad-Din fled from place to place, 1231, 63
Zabulistan, taken by Mongols, 1230, 63
Qom, taken by Mongols, 1231, 64
Hamadan, taken by Mongols, 1231, 64
Jalal ad-Din continued to flee, 1231, 64
Yazd, surrendered to Mongols, 1231, 64
Jingzhao, surrendered to Mongols, 1231, 62
Kerman, surrendered to Mongols, 1231, 64
Shiraz, surrendered to Mongols, 1231, 64
Esfahan, surrendered to Mongols, 1231, 64
Chormagan camped on the Mughan Steppe, 1231-1239, 64
Sartai invaded Korea, 1231, August, 64
Chongju, surrendered to Mongols, 1231, 64
Amid, taken by Mongols, 1231, 64
Guju, besieged by Mongols, 1231, 64
Uiju, taken by Mongols, 1231, 64
Tongson, taken by Mongols, 1231,
Inju, surrendered to Mongols, 1231, 64
Yongju, taken by Mongols, 1231, 64
Guju, resisted the Mongols, 1232, 66
Cheolju, taken by Mongols, 1231, 64
Anbukbu, Sartai vs Koreans, Mongol victory, 1231, 64
Ogedei moved against Hezhong, 1231, 65
Tului invaded Song territory, 1231, November, 65
Zaranj, besieged by Mongols, 1231, 63
Death of Jalal Ad Din, 1231, 64
Tabriz, surrendered to Mongols, 1231, 64
Xingyuan, taken by Mongols, 1231, 5
Fengzhou, taken by Mongols, 1223, 65
Mianzhou, taken by Mongols, 1231, 65
Langzhou, taken by Mongols, 1231, 65
Jaju, taken by Mongols, 1231, 64
Hwangju, taken by Mongols, 1231, 64
Gaegyeong, approached by Mongols, 1231, 64
Hezhong, taken by Mongols, 1231, 65
Jinzhou, taken by Mongols, 1231, 65

Gaegyeong, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Namgyeong, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Ogedei moved against Nanjing, 1232, January, 65
Tului turned east into Jin Territory towards Nanjing, 1232, January, 65
Fangzhou, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Junzhou, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Guanghua, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Seogyeong, taken by Mongols, 1232, 66
Yushan, Tului vs Wanyan Heda, Mongol victory, 1232, 65
Dengzhou, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Nanyang, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Tangzhou, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Suzhou, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Nancheng, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Sanfengshan, Tului vs Wanyan Heda, Jan 1232, Mongol victory, 1232, January, 65
Gwangju, resisted the Mongols, 1232,
Ogedei and Tului joined forces before Nanjing, 1232, February, 65
Tongguan, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Zhangcheng, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Wenxiang, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Tieling, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Guju, taken by Mongols, 1232, 66
Bai, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Henan, taken by Mongols, 1232, 65
Kokotei and Sonidei campaigned against Bolgar, 1232, 61
Nanjing renamed Bian by the Mongols, 1232, 66
Korean court and government moved to Ganghwa Island, 1232, 66
Sartai invaded Korea, 1232, 66
Zaranj, taken by Mongols, 1232, 63
Cheoin, taken by Mongols, 1232, 66
Chungju, taken by Mongols, 1232, 66
Daegu, taken by Mongols, 1232, 66

Aizong fled to Guide, 1233, February, 67
Aizong fled to Caizhou, 1233. August, 67
Guide, taken by Mongols, 1233, 67
Guyug campaigned against Puxian Wannu, 1233, 67
Yanji, taken by Mongols, 1233, 67
Seogyeong, retaken by Korea, 1233, 67
Meng Gong advanced to Caizhou, 1233 December, 67
Subeedei advanced to Caizhou, 1233 December, 67
Caizhou, besieged by Mongols, 1233-1234, 67

Aizong committed suicide, 1234 February 9, 67
Caizhou, taken by Mongols, 1234 February 9, 67
Meng Gong moved to Tanzhou, 1234, 68
Shi Songji moved to Dengzhou, 1234, 68
Zhao Gui and Quan Zucai met at Bian, 1234, 68
Caizhou, surrendered to Song China, 1234, 67
Dengzhou, surrendered to Song China, 1234, 68
Tangzhou, surrendered to Song China, 1234, 68
Tachir moved to confront Song at Henan, 1234, 68
Henan, taken by Mongols, 1234, 68
Song forces retreated from Bian, 1234, 68

Irbil, city taken by Mongols, 1235, 70
Khuchu invaded Hubei, 1235, 68
Godan invaded Sichuan, 1235, 68
Cao Yuwen moved to meet Godan’s invasion, 1235, 68
Mianzhou, Godan vs Cao Yuwen, Mongol defeat, 1235, 68
Tangzhou, taken by Mongols, 1235, 68
Caoyang, taken by Mongols, 1235, 68
Yingzhou, taken by Mongols, 1235, 68
Dengzhou, taken by Mongols, 1235, 68
Tangut Baatur invaded Korea, 1235, August, 69
Jeongju, taken by Mongols, 1235, 69
Gaeju, taken by Mongols, 1235, 69
Jaju, taken by Mongols, 1235, 69
Hamjong, taken by Mongols, 1235, 69
Seogyeong, taken by Mongols, 1235, 69
Yonggang, taken by Mongols, 1235, 69
Dongju, taken by Mongols, 1235, 69
Sinju, taken by Mongols, 1235, 69
Songju, taken by Mongols, 1235, 69
Ganca, taken by Mongols, 1235, winter, 70

Xiangyang, Song garrison mutinied and surrendered to Mongols, 1236, 71
Khuchu invaded Hubei, 1236, 71
Yingzhou, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Jingmen, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Jiangling, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Fuzhou, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Dean, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Subeedei began moving west with the main army, 1236, spring, 70
Tangut Baatur invaded Korea, 1236, April, 71
Hwangju, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Jipyeong, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Jukju, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Onsu, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Godan invaded Sichuan, 1236, summer, 71
Xingyuan, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Jiezhou, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Daan, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Wenzhou, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Lizhou, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Shiquan, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Hanzhou, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Chengdu, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Esfahan, taken by Mongols, 1236, 70
Subeedei campaigned against the Kipchaks, 1236, 70
Daeheong, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Subeedei vs Kipchaks, Mongol victory, 1236, 70
Bat invaded Bolgar, 1236, 72
Cuketau, taken by Mongols, 1236, 72
Bilyar, taken by Mongols, 1236, 72
Bolgar, taken by Mongols, 1236, 72
Kenek, taken by Mongols, 1236, 72
Suvar, taken by Mongols, 1236, 72
Jeonju, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Goransa Temple, taken by Mongols, 1236, 71
Monkh pursued Bachman, 1236, 72
Monkh vs Bachman, Mongol victory, 1236, 72

Guangzhou, resisted the Mongols, 1237, 72
Jinzhou, taken by Mongols, 1237, 72
Dazhou, taken by Mongols, 1237, 72
Huangzhou, resisted the Mongols, 1237, 72
Fuzhou, taken by Mongols, 1237, 72
Wanzhou, taken by Mongols, 1237, 72
Zizhou, taken by Mongols, 1237, 72
Anqing, resisted the Mongols, 1237, 72
Anfeng, resisted the Mongols, 1237, 72
Bat invaded Rus territories, 1237, winter, 73
Ryazan, taken by Mongols, 1237, December 21, 73

Kolomna, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Moskva (Moscow), taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Vladimir, taken by Mongols, 1238, February 7, 73
Bat continued the invasion of Rus to the east, 1238, 73
Subeedei continued the invasion of Rus to the west, 1238, 73
Boroldai pursued Yuri, 1238, February, 73
Suzdal, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Starodub, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Zalessky, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Gorodets, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Ksnyatin, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Rostov, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Kashin, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Kostroma, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Dmitrov, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Galich, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Tver, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Yaroslavl, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Torzhok, taken by Mongols, 1238, March 5, 73
Sit River, Boroldai vs Yuri, Mongol victory, 1238, March 5, 73
Uglich, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Novgorod, submitted to Mongols, 1238, 73
Volokolamsk, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Vshchizh, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Kozelsk, taken by Mongols, 1238, 73
Chormagan split forces to invade Georgia, 1238, 75
Macnaberd, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Shamkor, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Hohanaberd, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Gardman, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Kedabek, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Tavush, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Katchen, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Kavazin, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Tuerakan,, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Gag, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Gaian, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Lorhe, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Dumanise, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Shamshvilde, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Tblisi, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Rusudan fled as Mongols approached, 1238, 75
Tangut Baatur invaded Korea, 1238, 74
Xiangyang, recovered by Song China, 1238, 74
Kuizhou, resisted the Mongols, 1238, 74
Luzhou, resisted the Mongols, 1238, 74
Berkh campaigned against the Cumans, 1238, 75
Monkh and Khadan campaigned against the Alans, 1238, 75
Shiban and Buri campaigned to Crimea, 1238, 75
Berkh vs Koten (Cumans), Mongol victory, 128, 75
Maghas, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Soldaia, taken by Mongols, 1238, 75
Koten fled to Hungary with his followers, 1238, 75
Sangju, taken by Mongols, 1238, 74
Donggyeong, taken by Mongols, 1238, 74

Chormagan campaigned in Armenia, 1239, 76
Hrashkaberd, taken by Mongols, 1239, 76
Pereyaslavl, taken by Mongols, 1239, March 3, 77
Ani, taken by Mongols, 1239, 76
Chongqing, resisted the Mongols, 1239, 76
Wanzhou, taken by Mongols, 1239, 76
Dazhou, taken by Mongols, 1239, 76
Daya Camp, Mongols vs Song, Song victory, 1239, 76
Kars, taken by Mongols, 1239, 76
Kuizhou, resisted the Mongols, 1239, 76
Shizhou, resisted the Mongols, 1239, 76
Hlukhiv, taken by Mongols, 1239, 77
Novgorod-Seversk, taken by Mongols, 1239, 77
Snovsk, taken by Mongols, 1239, 77
Chernihiv, taken by Mongols, 1239 October 18, 77

Doorda Darkhan led expedition to Tibet, 1240, 77
Bat moved against Kyyiv (Kiev), 1240 November, 78
Monkh supported the invasion of Kyyiv with the advance force, 1240, 78
Kyyiv, taken by Mongols, 1240, December 6, 78

Kolodyazhin, Bat vs Halych, Mongol victory, 1241, 78
Kamaniets, Bat vs Halych, Mongol victory, 1241, 78
Iziaslavl, Bat vs Halych, Mongol victory, 1241, 78
Baidar and Ord advanced against Volodomyr, 1241, 78
Bat advanced against Halych, 1241, January, 78
Halych, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Volodymyr, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Bat invaded Hungary with his main force, 1241, 78
Baidar and Ord invaded Poland, 1241, 78
Boroldai supported invasion of Hungary, 1241, 78
Bujek supported invasion of Hungary, 1241, 78
Khadan supported invasion of Hungary, 1241, 78
Shiban supported invasion of Hungary, 1241, 78
Verecke Pass, Bat vs Hungarians, Mongol victory, 1241, 78
Lubin, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Prislop Pass, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Tihuta Pass, Khadan vs Hungarians, Mongol victory, 1241, 78
Buzau Pass, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Rodna, Hungarian town, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Rupea, Hungarian town (Hungarian: Kohalom), taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Sandomierz, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Turnu Rosu Pass, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Tursko, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Vulcan Pass, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Alba Iulia, Hungarian town, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Chmielnik, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Cluj, Hungarian town (Hungarian: Koloszvar), taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Bistrita, Hungarian town (Hungarian: Beszterce), taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Krakow, taken by Mongols, 1241, March 24, 78
Salacea, Hungarian town (Hungarian: Szalacs), taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Vac, Hungarian town, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Shiban reunited with Bat at Pest, 1241, March 17, 78
Arad, Hungarian town, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Oradea, (Hungarian: Varad) taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Tamasda, (Hungarian: Tamashida), taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Timisoara, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Cenad, (Hungarian: Csanad) taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Wroclaw, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Szeged, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Henry of Silesia assembled an army to confront the Mongols, 1241, 78
Wenceslaw of Bohemia assembled an army to confront the Mongols, 1241, 78
Bat lured Bela by pretending to retreat, 1241, 79
Bela followed Bat as he seemed to retreat, 1241, 79
Legnica, Baidar and Orda vs Henry of Silesia, Mongol victory, 1241, April 9, 79
Mohi, Bat vs Bela, Mongol victory, 1241, April 11, 79
Bela fled to Vienna, 1241, 79
Bela fled on to Zagreb, 1241, 79
Baidar and Ord joined Bat in Hungary, 1241, 79
Jablonika Pass, taken by Mongols, 1241, 78
Khadan began to pursue Bela, 1241, summer, 79
Tongzhou, taken by Mongols, 1241, 80
Hanzhou, taken by Mongols, 1237, 80
Chengdu, taken by Mongols, 1241, 80
Yazhou, resisted the Mongols, 1241, 80
Jiading, resisted the Mongols, 1241, 80
Dayir invaded India, 1241, 80
Lahore, taken by Mongols, 1241, December, 80
Bat advanced on Esztergom, 1241, 79
Ogedei died at Kharkhorum, 1241, December 11, 79
Turkhan became regent of Mongol Empire, 1241, 82
Esztergom, taken by Mongols, 1241, December 25, 79

Bat left Hungary and invaded Bulgaria, 1242, 82
Bela fled further south, eventually to Trogir Island, 1242, 82
Abaujvar, raided by Mongols, 1242, 82
Bratislava, resisted the Mongols, 1242, 82
Fehervar, raided by Mongols, 1242, 82
Fulek, raided by Mongols, 1242, 82
Gyor, raided by Mongols, 1242, 82
Komarom, raided by Mongols, 1242, 82
Leka, raided by Mongols, 1242, 82
Moson, raided by Mongols, 1242, 82
Nitra, raided by Mongols, 1242, 82
Pannonhalma, raided by Mongols, 1242, 82
Sopron, raided by Mongols, 1242, 82
Tihany, raided by Mongols, 1242, 82
Vasvar, raided by Mongols, 1242, 82
Veszprem, raided by Mongols, 1242, 82
Zala, raided by Mongols, 1242,
Ord led remaining Mongol forces out of Hungary, 1242, 82
Sandra, raided by Mongols, 1242, 82
Split, taken by Mongols, 1242, 82
Belgrade, taken by Mongols, 1242, 82
Ragusa, taken by Mongols, 1242, 82
Drisht, taken by Mongols, 1242, 82
Kotor, taken by Mongols, 1242, 82
Khadan rejoined Bat in Bulgaria, 1242 spring, 82
Near Tarnovo, Bat’s advance force vs Bulgarians, Mongol defeat, 1242, 82
Tarnovo city, taken by Mongols, 1242, 82
Bulgaria submitted to Mongols, 1242, 82
Bat returned to the steppe, 1242, 82
Mongols campaigned against Song China, 1242, 83
Huaian, taken by Mongols, 1242, 83
Huaiyin, taken by Mongols, 1242, 83
Tongzhou, taken by Mongols, 1242, 83
Suining, taken by Mongols, 1241, 83
Xuzhou, taken by Mongols, 1241, 83
Baiju invaded Seljuk Rum, 1242, 83

Zizhou, taken by Mongols, 1243, 83
Erzerum, taken by Mongols, 1243, 83
Kaykhusraw moved to confront Baiju, 1243, 83
Kose Dag, Baiju vs Kaykhusraw, Mongol victory, 1243, June 26, 83
Baiju moved further into Seljuk Rum, 1243, 83
Sivas, taken by Mongols, 1243, 83
Kayseri, taken by Mongols, 1243, 83
Kaykhusraw submitted to Mongols, 1243, 83
Armenia submitted to Mongols, 1243, 83
Trebizond submitted to Mongols, 1243, 83
Georgia submitted to Mongols, 1243, 83

Pandita journeyed to Godan’s camp, 1244, 85
Mongols conducted raids into Song territory, 1244, 84

Mongols conducted raids into Song territory, 1245, 84
Shouzhou, taken by Mongols, 1245, 84
Wuhe, taken by Song China, 1245, 84
Munggetu invaded India, 1245, 85
Multan, taken by Mongols, 1245, 85
Uch, besieged by Mongols, 1245, 85

Mongols conducted raids into Song territory, 1246-1247, 86
Huainan West, taken by Mongols, 1246, 86
Sizhou, taken by Mongols, 1246, 86
Guyug installed as Great Khan of Mongol Empire, 1246, August 24, 86
Yu Jie began building Song Chinese fortresses in Sichuan, 1246, 86

Pingliang, taken by Mongols, 1247, 86
Guyug moved against Bat, 1247, fall, 87
Bat moved to confront Guyug, 1247, 87
Amugan invaded Korea, 1247, fall, 86

Bat camped at Ala Khamag, 1248, 87
Khum Sengir, death of Guyug, 1248, April 20, 87
Ogul Khaimish became regent of the Mongol Empire, 1248, 90

Ala Khamag, Bat proclaimed Monkh as Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, 1249, 90

Monkh installed as Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, 1251, 90
Monkh purged Mongol princes who had not supported him, 1251, 90

Sartag led punitive expedition to Vladimir, 1252, 90
Perieslav-Zalessky, Sartag vs Vladimir, Mongol victory, 1252, 90
Khubilai moved to Kaiping, his new headquarters, 1252, 91
Khubilai sent Wang Dezhen to Lindao to establish a base, 1252, 91
Monkh sent Ketbukha west with Khulegu’s advance force 1252, 91
Khoridai led expedition into Tibet, 1252, 91

Khetbukha campaigned in Persia, 1253, March, 92
Gird Kuh, besieged by Mongols, 1253-1270, 92
Alamut, raided by Mongols, 1253, 92
Khulegu began moving west with his main army, 1253, May, 93
Khubilai invaded Dali, 1253, September, 92
Uriangkhadai supported invasion of Dali on the right, 1253, 92
Wang Dezhen supported invasion of Dali on the left, 1253, 92
Songban, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Maerkang, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Zhongzhou, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Weizhou, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Tanba, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Xinlong, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Litang, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Luding, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Yongkang, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Taocheng, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Xiangcheng, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Chiungdu, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Dezhong, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Qianchang, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Zhongxun, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Huachuan, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Modong, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Shanqu, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Longdong, taken by Mongols, 1253, 92
Jinshajiang, Khubilai vs Dali, Mongol victory, 1253, 92
Duan Xingzhi fled from Dali city, 1253, 92
Dali city, surrendered to Mongols, 1253, December, 92
Yeku invaded Korea, 1253, August, 93
Chungju, resisted the Mongols, 1253, 93
Jeonju, taken by Mongols, 1253, 93

Jalairtai invaded Korea, 1254, 94
Khulegu camped for the summer, 1254, 93
Uriangkhadai campaigned in Dali, 1254-1256, 94
Weichu, taken by Mongols, 1254, 94
Shanchan, taken by Mongols, 1254, 94
Shicheng, taken by Mongols, 1254, 94
Xiushan, taken by Mongols, 1255, 94
Zuining, taken by Mongols, 1255, 94
Anbyon, taken by Mongols, 1254, 94
Khulegu arrived at Samarqand, 1255, September, 93
Haeyang, taken by Mongols, 1254, 94
Dongchuan, taken by Mongols, 1254, 94

Yongchang, taken by Mongols, 1255, 94
Tengchong, taken by Mongols, 1255, 94
Kish, Khulegu received Persian subject rulers, 1255, November, 95

Khulegu campaigned in Persia, 1256, 95
Khetbukha campaigned against the Ismailis, 1256, 95
Tun, taken by Mongols, 1256, 95
Chengjiang, taken by Mongols, 1256, 94
Qinglong, taken by Mongols, 1256, 94
Khulegu and Khetbukha attacked Ismaili fortresses, 1256, 95
Balagai and Tutar supported operations against Ismaili fortresses, 1256, 95
Maimun Diz, surrendered to Mongols, 1256, November 19, 95
Alamut, surrendered to Mongols, 1256, 95
Ilan, surrendered to Mongols, 1256, 95
Lima, surrendered to Mongols, 1256, 95
Nevisar Shah, surrendered to Mongols, 1256, 95
Samiran, surrendered to Mongols, 1256, 95
Shahrak, surrendered to Mongols, 1256, 95
Shir Kuh, surrendered to Mongols, 1256, 95
Lammasar, resisted the Mongols, 1256, 95

Uriangkhadai recalled for consultation, 1257, 96
Khulegu began negotiations with Baghdad, 1257, 96
Song Navy, Uriangkhadai vs Song navy, Mongol victory, 1257, 96
Monkh camped in Guanzhong, 1257, 96
Khulegu invaded Baghdad, 1257, fall, 98
Baiju supported invasion of Baghdad on the right, 1257, 98
Balagai, Tutar, and Khuli supported invasion of Baghdad in the center, 1257, 98
Khetbukha supported invasion of Baghdad on the left, 1257, 98
Uriangkhadai invaded Vietnam, 1257, 97
Boroldai moved to enforce submission of Halych-Volyn, 1257, 97
Sali invaded India, 1257, December, 99
Mosul, surrendered to Mongols, 1257, 98
Thang Long, taken by Mongols, 1257, 97
Battle with elephants, Uriangkhadai vs Vietnamese, Mongol victory, 1257, 97
Niulin invaded Sichuan, 1257, 99
Tachaer invaded Hubei, 1257, 99

Anbar, Khulegu vs Baghdad forces, Mongol victory, 1258, January, 98
Xingyuan, taken by Mongols, 1258, 99
Multan, taken by Mongols, 1258, 99
Baghdad, besieged by Mongols, 1258, January 29, 98
Thang Long, Uriangkhadai vs Vietnamese, Mongol defeat, 1258, January, 97
Mongols withdrew from Vietnam, 1258, 97
Ningsui, taken by Mongols, 1258, 99
Jianzhou, taken by Mongols, 1258, 99
Chengdu, taken by Mongols, 1258, 99
Baghdad, surrendered to Mongols, 1258, February 10, 98
Khubilai moved south from Kaiping, 1258, 100
Uriangkhadai moved east from Vietnam, 1258, 100
Tachaer retreated from Xiangyang, 1258, 100
Monkh campaigned in Sichuan, 1258, June, 100
Mianzhou, taken by Mongols, 1258, 100
Pengzhou, taken by Mongols, 1258, 100
Hanzhou, taken by Mongols, 1258, 100
Jianmen, taken by Mongols, 1258, 100
Lizhou, taken by Mongols, 1258, October, 100
Pingliang, taken by Mongols, 1258, 100
Liyi, taken by Mongols, 1258, 100
Dahuo, taken by Mongols, 1258, 100
Qingju, taken by Mongols, 1258, 100
Yazhou, taken by Mongols, 1258, 100
Longzhou, taken by Mongols, 1258, 100

Choe Ui assassinated, Korea sued for peace, 1259, 94
Khubilai reached Chang (Yangtze) River, 1259, 101
Dachu, taken by Mongols, 1259, 101
Diaoyucheng, besieged by Mongols, 1259, February, 101
Zizhou, taken by Mongols, 1259, 101
Luzhou, taken by Mongols, 1259, 101
Diaoyucheng, Assault on Diaoyuchent, 1259, 101
Fuzhou, resisted the Mongols, 1259, 101
Tanzhou, taken by Mongols, 1259, 104
Uriangkhadai and Khubilai met at Ezhou, 1259, October, 104
Khulegu invaded Halab (Aleppo), 1259, September, 105
Shiktur and Baiju supported invasion of Halab on the right, 1259, 105
Suunchaq supported invasion of Halab on the left, 1259, 105
Ezhou, resisted the Mongols, 1259, 104
Monkh died at Diaoyucheng, 1259, October 11, 101
Asutai escorted Monkh’s body back to Mongolia, 1259, 104
Mayyafariqin, taken by Mongols, 1259, 105
Nasibin, taken by Mongols, 1259, 105
Amid, taken by Mongols, 1259, 105
Dunaisir, taken by Mongols, 1259, 105
Edessa, taken by Mongols, 1259, 105
Harran, taken by Mongols, 1259, 105
Lubin, taken by Mongols, 1259, 104
Zawichost, taken by Mongols, 1260, 104

Halab (Aleppo), taken by Mongols, 1260, January 24, 105
Sandomierz, taken by Mongols, 1260, February 2, 104
Koprzywnica, taken by Mongols, 1260, 104
Wachok, taken by Mongols, 1260, 104
Radom, taken by Mongols, 1260, 104
Sulejow, taken by Mongols, 1260, 104
Ketbukha moved south from Aleppo, 1260, 105
Jedrzejow, taken by Mongols, 1260, 104
Miechow, taken by Mongols, 1260, 104
Hama, surrendered to Mongols, 1260, February, 105
Hims, surrendered to Mongols, 1260, February, 105
Baalbek, raided by Mongols, 1260, 105
Dimashq (Damascus), surrendered to Mongols, 1260, March 1, 105
Krakow, taken by Mongols but citadel resisted, 1260, 104
Bytom, taken by Mongols, 1260, 104
Kaiping, Khubilai claimed title of Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, 1260, May, 106
Khutchlukhan raided south of Dimashq, 1260, 105
Kharkhorum, Arigbokh claimed title of Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, 1260, June, 106
Nablus, taken by Mongols, 1260, 105
Dimashq, citadel taken by Mongols, 1260, April 28, 105
Jerusalem, taken by Mongols, 1260, 105
Hebron, taken by Mongols, 1260, 105
Jubrin, taken by Mongols, 1260, 105
Salt, taken by Mongols, 1260, 105
Subaya, taken by Mongols, 1260, 105
Kerak, surrendered to Mongols, 1260, 105
Gaza, taken by Mongols, 1260, 105
Khulegu returned to Azerbaijan, 1260, June, 105
Qutuz moved from Egypt to confront Khetbukha, 1260, July, 106
Ketbukha moved to meet Qutuz, 1260, 106
Ain Jalut, Ketbukha vs Qutuz, Mongol defeat, 1260, September 3, 106
Halab (Aleppo), recovered by Egypt, 1260, 106
Arigbokh sent Alandar to take over the Hexi corridor, 1260, 107
Khulegu sent Ilge to recover Syria, 1260, November, 106
Halab (Aleppo), surrendered to Mongols, 1260, 106
Xiliang, Khadan vs Alandar, Khadan victory, 1260, 107
Hims, Ilge vs Egypt, Mongol defeat, 1260, December 10, 106
Halab (Aleppo), recovered by Egypt, 1260, 106

Arigbokh sent Algui to take over Tsagadai’s territory, 1261, 107
Mosul, rebelled against the Mongols, 1261, 108
Eshmed sent to recover Mosul, 1261, 108
Mosul, besieged by Mongols, 1261-1262, 108
Mustansir sent from Egypt to recover Baghdad, 108
Luzhou, attacked by Song China, Mongol victory, 1261, June, 108
Hit, Mustansir vs Mongols, Mongol victory, 1261, 108
Shimultai, Arigbokh vs Khubilai’s force, Khubilai victory, 1261, 107
Khingan Mountains, Arigbokh vs Khubilai’ force, indecisive, 1261, 107
Arigbokh retreated to the Yenisey valley, 1261, 107
Kharkhorum, occupied by Khubilai’s force, 1261, 107

Li Dan rebelled at Yidu, 1262, February, 109
Arigbokh moved to attack Algui, 1262, 109
Luzhou, retaken by Song China, 1262 June, 108
Qixian, retaken by Song China, 1262, 108
Khubilai sent Shi Tianzi and Shi Chu to suppress Li Dan’s rebellion, 1262, 109
Ili River, Algui vs Khara Bokh, Algui victory, 1262, 109
Almaligh, taken by Arigbokh, 1262, 109
Algui retreated to the Tarim Basin, 1262, 109
Jinan, taken by Mongols, 1262, 109
Daming, taken by Mongols, Li Dan captured, 1262, August, 109
Yidu, taken by Mongols, 1262, 109
Nogai invaded Khulegu’s territory, 1262, August, 110
Abakha moved with Khulegu’s advance force to confront Nogai, 1262, September, 110
Shamakhi, Abakha vs Nogai, Nogai victory, 1262, 110
Shabaran, Abakha vs Nogai, Abakha victory, 1262, November 14, 110
Nogai retreated, 1262, 110
Abakha pursued Nogai, 1262, 110
Derbent, taken by Khulegu, 1262, December 8, 110
North of Derbent, Khulegu vs Nogai, Khulegu victory, 1262, December 15, 110

Nogai’s Camp, taken by Abakha, 1263, 110
Berkh confronted Abakha, 1263, 110
Abakha vs Berkh, Berkh victory, 1263, January 13, 110
Berkh and Khulegu both withdrew, 1263, 110
Chongqing, indecisive battle, 1263, 108

Arigbokh traveled to Kaiping where he surrendered to Khubilai, 1264, 111
Huxiaoshan, indecisive battle, 1264, 108

Death of Khulegu, 1265 February 8, 112
Nogai moved against Byzantium, 1265, spring, 112
Berkh invaded the Ilkhanate, 1265, summer, 112
Diaoyucheng, besieged by Mongols, 1265, 113
Diaoyucheng, Taken by Mongols, 1265, 113
Nogai vs Michael Paleologus, Mongol victory, 1265, 112
Michael Paleologus escaped to Constantinople, 1265, 112
Abakha moved to confront Berkh, 1265, 112
Tblisi, death of Berkh, 1265, 112
Tongzhou, attacked by Mongols, 1265, 113

Kaizhou, attacked by Mongols 1266, 113
Khubilai sent Barak to take over the Tsagadai Khanate, 1266, 113
Almaligh, taken by Khaidu, 1266, 113

Aju and Liu Zheng invaded Hubei, 1267, 114

Xiangyang, besieged by Mongols, 1268-1273, 116
Khaidu moved to attack Beshbalik, 1268, 114
Khaidu repulsed at Beshbalik, 1268, 114
Barak drove Khaidu from Almaligh, 1268, 114
Khaidu fled west, 1268, 114
Mongols moved to attack Jiading, 1268, 114
Jiading, resisted the Mongols, 1268, 114
Syr Darya River, Barak vs Khaidu, Barak victory, 1268, 114
Berkecher came to support Khaidu, 1268, 114
Khujand, Berkecher vs Barak, Berkecher victory, 1268, 114
Baihecheng, taken by Mongols, 1268, 114

Song forces attempted to relieve Xiangyang, 1269 August, 115
Talas, peace made between Khaidu, Berkecher, and Barak, 1269, 114
Fuzhou, attacked by Mongols, 1269, 116

Song forces attempted to relieve Xiangyang, 1270 ,March, 115
Sambyeolcho forces rebelled in Korea, 1270, 117
Sambyeolcho rebels retreated to Jindo, 1270, 117
Teguder rebelled against Abakha, 1270, 116
Barak invaded the Ilkhanate, 1270, spring, 116
Abakha vs Teguder, Abakha victory, 1270, 116
Abakha moved to confront Barak, 1270, April, 116
Neyshabur, Attacked by Barak, 1270 ,May 19, 116
Herat, Abakha vs Barak, Abakha victory, 1270, July 22, 116
Jiading, resisted the Mongols, 1270, 116
Death of Barak, 1270, August, 116
Mongols campaigned in Sichuan, 1270, 116
Song forces attempted to relieve Xiangyang, 1270 ,October, 115

Song forces attempted to relieve Xiangyang, 1271, August, 115
Khubilai sent Nomugan to guard against Khaidu,1271, 117
Jindo, Sambyeolcho rebels vs Korean-Mongol forces, 1271, May, 117
Gird Kuh, surrendered to Mongols, 1271, 116
Chengdu, retaken by Song China, 1271, 116
Almaligh, occupied by Nomugan, 1271, 116
Khubilai completed new capital at Dadu, 1271, 117

Chengdu, taken by Mongols, 1272, 116
Lianshui, attacked by Mongols, 1272, 116
Song forces attempted to relieve Xiangyang, 1272, June, 115
Song forces attempted to relieve Xiangyang, 1272, September, 115
Fancheng, taken by Mongols, 1272, December 15, 118

Xiangyang, surrendered to Mongols, 1273 ,March 17, 118
Jejudo, Sambyeolcho rebels vs Korean-Mongol forces, 1273, April, 117

Chuzhou, taken by Mongols, 1274,
Mongol-Korean force sail for Japan, 1274 ,October 3, 118
Tsushima, taken by Mongols, 1274, October 5, 118
Iki, taken by Mongols, 1274, October 14, 118
Bayan’s army and fleet began to move down the Han River, 1274, October, 119
Jai Wenbin supported move down the Han River on the right, 1274, 119
Sodu supported move down the Han River on the left, 1274, 119
Hirado, taken by Mongols, 1274, October 16, 118
Akasaka, taken by Mongols, 1274, 118
Nokono, Mongols vs Japanese, Mongol victory, 1274, 118
Taka, Mongols vs Japanese, Mongol victory, 1274, 118
Torikai-gata, Mongols vs Japanese, Mongol defeat, 1274, 118
Japanese forces retreated to Dazaifu, 1274, 118
Bayan bypassed Yingzhou and Yinying fortress, 1274, 119
South of Yingzhou, Bayan vs Yingzhou defenders, Mongol victory, 1274, 119
Shayang, taken by Mongols, 1274, November 22, 119
Mongol forces withdrew from Japan, 1274, November, 118
Fuzhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1274, December 13, 119
Jingnan, surrendered to Mongols, 1274, 119

Arig Khaya advanced up the Chang (Yangtze) River, 1275, 119
Shawukou, taken by Mongols, 1275, January 7, 119
Qingshanji, taken by Mongols, 1275, January 11, 119
Yangluo, taken by Mongols, 1275, January 12, 119
Xia Gui retreated to Luzhou, 119
Ezhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, January 17, 119
Hanyang, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, January 17, 119
Bayan’s army and fleet began to move down the Chang (Yangtze) River, 1275, 119
Huangzhou, taken by Mongols, 1275, 119
Khubilai sant Antong to suppress Hokhu’s rebellion, 1275, 120
Hokhu fled to Khotan, 1275, 120
Qizhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, February 8, 119
Jiangzhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, February 11, 119
Longxing, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, 119
Raozhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, 119
Yuezhou, taken by Mongols, 1275, 119
Atakhai met Bayan at Anqing, 1275. 119
Anqing, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, February 24, 119
Jia Sidao assembled a Song army to confront Bayan, 1275, 119
Xia Gui joined Jia Sidao at Wuhu, 1275 , 119
Chizhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, March 4, 120
Khotan, Antong vs Hokhu, Antong victory, 1275, 120
Dingjiadao, Bayan vs Jia Sidao, 1275. March 19, Mongol victory, 120
Bayan advanced to Jiankang, 1275, 120
Jiankang, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, March 30, 120
Xia Gui retreated to Luzhou, 1275, 120
Hezhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, 120
Wuwei, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, 120
Changzhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, 120
Pingjiang, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, 120
Antong joined Nomugan at Almaligh, 1275, 120
Jiangling, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, 120
Guangde, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, 120
Jiangyin, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, 120
Aju consolidated Mongol gains, 1275, 121
Yangzhou, taken by Mongols, 1275, 121
Anggir neutralized Xia Gui at Luzhou, 1275, 121
Song fleet moved into the Chang (Yangtze) River, 1275, 121
Changzhou, recovered by Song China, 1275, 121
Guangde, recovered by Song China, 1275, 121
Pingjiang, recovered by Song China, 1275, 121
Yangzhou, recovered by Song China, 1275, 121
Aju moved to meet Song fleet, 1275, 121
Yangtze Mouth, Aju vs Song fleet, Mongol victory, 1275, 121
Yangzhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1275, 121
Bayan and Atakhai began advance to Linan, 1275, November 27, 121
Alakhan supported advance to Linan on the right, 1275, 121
Dong Wenping supported advance to Linan by sea on the right, 1275, 121
Changzhou, taken by Mongols, 1275, 121
Arig Khaya began moving south to Tanzhou, 1275, 121

Tanzhou, taken by Mongols, 1276, January, 122
Song refugees fled from Linan with two young princes, 1276, 121
Linan, surrendered to Mongols, 1276, February 10, 121
Alakhan pursued Song refugees by land, 1276, 122
Song refugees fled to Fuzhou, 1276, 122
Song refugees enthroned one of the two young princes as the new Song Emperor, 1276, June 14, 122
Luzhou, Xia Gui surrendered to Mongols, 1276, 122
Ruian, surrendered to Mongols, 1276, 122
Zhang Hongfan pursued Song refugees by sea, 1276, 122
Arig Khaya moved south from Tanzhou, 1276, 122
Almaligh, Shirigi and Tukhtomor mutinied and captured both Nomugan and Antong, 122
Yingqang, Jirwadai rebelled against Khubilai, 1276, 122
Fuzhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1276, 122

Baibars invaded Anatolia, 1277, 123
Wen Tianxiang fled inland to raise an army, 1277, 122
Shirigi and Tukhtomor capture Kharkhorum, 1277, 122
Yingqang, Bai Tomor vs Jirwadai, Bai Tomor victory, 1277, 122
Elbistan, Mongols vs Baibars, Mongol defeat, 1277, April 15, 123
Quanzhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1277, 123
Kayseri, surrendered to Baibars, 1277, 123
Abakha moved to confront Baibars, 1277, 123
Baibars retreated to Syria, 1277, 123
Ngasaunggyan, Mongols vs Bagan, Mongol victory, 1277, 123
Zhangzhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1277, 123
Onon River, Bayan vs Shirigi and Tukh Tomor, Bayan victory, 1277, August, 122
Arig Khaya continued moving south, 1277, 123
Li Heng campaigned against Wen Tianxiang, 1277, 123
Sodu pursued Song refugees by land, 1277, 123
Haifeng, taken by Mongols, 1277, 123
Yanguan, taken by Mongols, 1277, 123
Qingjiang, surrendered to Mongols, 1277, 123
Chaozhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1277, 123
Huizhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1277, 123
Guangzhou, taken by Mongols, 1277, 123
Mongols responded to incursion from Bagan, 1277, 123
Bhamo Pass, Mongols vs Bagan, Mongol victory, 1277, 123

Song Refugees, Song refugees fled to Leizhou Peninsula, 1278, 124
Song Refugees, Song refugees returned and fortified Yaishan, 1278, 124
Chongqing, surrendered to Mongols, 1278, 124

Xunzhou, Wen Tianxiang captured, 1279, February, 124
Diaoyucheng, surrendered to Mongols, 1279, 124
Kuizhou, surrendered to Mongols, 1279, 124
Yaishan, Li Heng and Zhang Hongfan vs Song refugees, Mongol victory, 1279, March 19, 124

Monkh Tomor raided Syria, 1280, summer, 126

Sodu invaded Champa by sea, 1281, 127
Qalawun moved to confront Monkh Tomor, 1281, April, 126
Mongol Eastern Army sailed to Japan, 1281, May 2, 127
Tsushima, taken by Mongols, 1281, 127
Iki, taken by Mongols, 1281, 127
Vijaya, taken by Mongols, 1281, 127
Mongol Southern Army sailed for Japan, 1281, 127
Shikanoshima, taken by Mongols, 1281, 127
Hakata Bay, attacked by Mongols, 1281, 127
Hakata Bay, Typhoon wrecked Mongol fleet, 1281, August 15, 127
Monkh Tomor invaded Syria, 1281, 126
Hims, Monkh Tomor vs Qalawun, Mongol defeat, 1281, October 29, 126

Atakhai 1282, Atakhai sailed to reinforce Sodu in Champa, 1282, 127

Ngasaunggyan, Mongols vs Bagan, Mongol victory, 1283, 128
Kaungsin, Mongols vs Bagan, Mongol victory, 1283, 128
Tagaung, Mongols vs Bagan, Mongol victory, 1283, 128
Drigung Monastery rebelled, 1284, 129

Tomor invaded India, 1285, February, 129
Multan, Tomor vs Mohammed Khan, Mongol victory, 1285, 129
Nogai invaded Hungary, 1285, winter, 130
Talabuga, Tulabuga invaded Hungary, 1285, 130
Hanlin, Mongols vs Bagan, Mongol victory, 1285, 128
Toghon invaded Vietnam, 1285, 130

Khaidu and Duva attacked Beshbalik, 1286, 128
Bistrita, Mongols vs Hungary, Mongol defeat, 1286, 130
Reghin, Mongols vs Hungary, Mongol defeat, 1286, 130
Brasov, Mongols vs Hungary, Mongol defeat, 1286, 130
Pest, taken by Mongols, 1286, 130
Beshbalik, taken by Khaidu and Duva, 1286, 128
Sodu moved from Champa to Vietnam, 1286, 130
Thang Long, taken by Mongols, 1286, 130
Tay Ket, Sodu vs Vietnamese, Sodu killed, Mongol defeat, 1286, 130
Van Kiep, Toghon vs Vietnamese, Mongol defeat, 1286, 130
Toghon withdrew to China, 1286, 130

Narathihapate poisoned, Bagan collapsed, 1287, 131
Toghon invaded Vietnam, 1287, 132
Omar with a Mongol fleet supported invasion of Vietnam, 1287, 132
Esentomor invaded Bagan to restore order, 1278, 131
Myinsaing, Esentomor vs Bagan, Mongol victory, 1287, 131
Nayan rebelled against Khubilai, 1287m May, 131
Thang Long, taken by Mongols, 1287, 130
Khubilai sent Bayan to guard Kharkhorum, 1287, 131
Khubilai moved to suppress Nayan’s rebellion,1287, 131
Nayan vs Khubilai, Khubilai victory, 1287, July 14, 131
Nayan captured and executed, 1287, 131
Shikhtur captured and executed, 1287, 131
Bach Dang River, Mongol fleet vs Vietnamese, Mongol defeat, 1287, 132
Tomor invaded India, 1287, 129
Samana, raided by Mongols, 1287, 129
Nogai and Tulabuga invaded Poland, 1287, 132

Lagow, Tulabuga vs Poland, Mongol defeat, 1288, 132
Podolinec, Mongols vs Hungary, Mongol defeat, 1288, 132
Tulabuga invaded the Ilkhanate, 1288, 133

Gamala moved against Khaidu, 1289, 133
Hangayn Mountains, Gamala vs Khaidu, Khaidu victory, 1289, 133
Kharkhorum, surrendered to Khaidu, 1289, 133
Tomor Bokh moved to suppress rebellion of Drigung, 1290, 133

Togta invaded the Ilkhanate, 1290, 133
Khubilai marched on Kharkhorum, 1290, 133
Kharkhorum, surrendered to Khubilai, 1290, 133
Drigung, taken by Mongols, 1290, 129
Khaidu sent a force to intervene in Tibet, 1290, 129
Tomor Bokh moved to confront Khaidu’s force, 1290, 129
Dzonka, Tomor Bokh vs Khaidu force’s, Tomer Bokh victory, 1290, 129

Nauruz invaded the Ilkhanate leading Khaidu’s force, 1291, 134
Badghis, plundered by Nauruz, 1291, 134
Neyshabur, Plundered by Nauruz, 1291, 134
Tus, Plundered by Nauruz, 1291, 134
Firuz marched against the Neguderis, 1291, 134

Sunam, Neguderis vs Firuz, Delhi victory, 1292, 134
Melik Tomor led Khaidu’s army towards Kharkhorum, 1292, 135
Bayan moved to confront Melik Tomor, 1292, 135
Asakhtu, Bayan vs Melik Tomor, Bayan victory, 1292, 135
Tukh Tukha moved against Khaidu, 1292, 135

Shi Bi sailed with a Mongol fleet to Java, 1293, 135
Tuban, Shi Bi landed on Java, 1293, 135
Kediri, Vijaya and Shi Bi vs Panjalu, Vijaya victory, 1293, 135
Majapahit, Vijaya vs Shi Bi, Vijaya victory, 1293, 135
Shi Bi withdrew from Java, 1293, 135
Tukh Tukha drove Khaidu’s forces out of the Yenisey valley, 1293, 135

Dadu, death of Khubilai, 1294, February 19, 136
Duva invaded the Ilkhanate, 1294, 136

Duva attacked Herat area, 1295, 136

Khutlug Khocha invaded India, 1299, 136
Kili, Khutlug Khocha vs Zafar Khan, Mongol victory, 1299, 136
Gazan invaded Syria, 1299 October, 137
Halab (Aleppo), surrendered to Mongols, 1299, 137
Wadi al-Khazandar, Gazan vs Egypt, Mongol victory, 1299 December 22, 137
Hims, surrendered to Mongols, 1299, 137
Hama, surrendered to Mongols, 1299, 137

Dimashq (Damascus), surrendered to Mongols 1300, 137
Khaisan moved against Khaidu, 1300, 138
Kuobielie, Khaisan vs Khaidu, Khaisan victory, 1300, 138
Khutlug Khocha’s forces raided into Kerman and Shiraz, 1300, 137
Sarban invaded Khurasan, 1300, 137
Gaza, taken by Mongols 1300, 137
Tiejiangu, Khaisan vs Khaidu, Khaisan victory, 1300, 138

Death of Khaidu, 1301

Taragai invaded India, 1302, 138
Siri, resisted the Mongols 1302, 138

Gazan marched against Egypt but stopped at Rahba, 1303, 139
Halab (Aleppo), surrendered to Mongols 1303, 139
Hims, surrendered to Mongols 1303, 139
Dimashq (Damascus), Mongols vs local forces, Mongol defeat, 1303, 139

Mongol States made peace with one another, 1304, 141